Washington — During the days prior to the January 6 attack on the Capitol, some of President Donald J. Trump’s most extreme allies and members of the right-wing militia group used his power as Supreme Commander. Unleashing the army, he is in the office.
Now, as some members of the panel quietly rewrite as the House Committee investigating last year’s riots reveals new evidence about the length that Mr. Trump was willing to stick to power. Started discussion Insurrection ActThe 1807 law gives the president broad authority to deploy troops in the United States to respond to the rebellion.
The debate is preliminary, and the debate over this act has been tumultuous in the aftermath of Mr. Trump’s presidency. Proponents envision an end-of-life scenario in which the villain’s future president uses the army to attack or abuse protesters rather than suppress the rebellion. But skeptics are worried that they will deprive the president of the power to quickly deploy armed groups in the event of a riot, as he did during the Civil War and civil rights era.
Mr. Trump has never enforced the law, but threatened to do so in 2020 To get the army to crack down on the crowd Protest the killing of George Floyd by police. Stephen Miller, one of his top advisors, also suggested doing so to turn back immigrants at the southwestern border, Rejected ideas According to then Secretary of Defense Mark T. Esper.
And when Mr. Trump figured out how to overturn his defeat in the 2020 presidential election, some solid advisers advised him to declare martial law. Deploy U.S. forces to seize voting machines.. For the January 6 attack, members of the right-wing militia group also urged the law to be enacted, believing that Mr. Trump was on the verge of granting approval to descend to Washington with weapons to fight him. bottom. on behalf.
Representative Zoe Lofgren of the Democratic Party of California and members of the January 6 Commission said: ..
There is no evidence that Mr. Trump planned to invoke the bill for his tenure, but people near him urged him to do so.Michael T. Flynn, Mr. Trump’s first national security adviser, attended Meeting in the Oval Office On December 18, 2020, participants discussed the seizure of voting machines, the declaration of a national emergency, and the activation of certain national security emergency authorities. The meeting took place after Mr Flynn interviewed right-wing television network Newsmax, where he talked about a precedent in which he allegedly deployed troops and proclaimed martial law to “rerun” elections. I did.
This idea was also highlighted by Mr. Trump’s political operative and longtime best friend Roger J. Stone Jr. He told conspiracy theorist Alex Jones in an interview that Mr. Trump should consider invoking the Insurrection Act.
A few weeks before the riots, the concept was prevalent among militia members and other solid supporters of Mr. Trump. It has repeatedly surfaced with evidence obtained by federal prosectors and the House of Representatives during an investigation into the Capitol attack.
In December 2020, Stewart Rhodes, leader of the Oath Keepers militia group, wrote an open letter to Mr. Trump, “using the Insurrection Act to’stop stealing'” and seizing voting data. I called. He orders a new election.
“Obviously, illegal combinations and plots in multiple states (in fact, all states) acted to deprive people of the basic right to vote for representatives in clear and fair elections,” Rhodes said. He added. , And only you have determined that such a situation exists and are fully permitted by the Insurrection Act to use the US military and militia to remedy the situation. “
In text messages and social media posts prior to the Capitol riots, other Oath Keepers members also discussed the possibility of Mr. Trump’s insurrection. Two of them, Jessica Watkins When Kelly MeggsThe head of the Florida branch of the militia was charged in connection with the attack.
And Mr. Rhodes Send armed men to a hotel in Virginia On January 6, militia leaders await Mr. Trump’s orders to revoke Washington’s gun control and allow groups to arm and fight for the president.
Interviewing more than 850 witnesses, the House Commission is responsible for writing a prestigious report on the incident that led to the violence on January 6 and devising legislative recommendations to protect American democracy from repetition. I have. Their recommendations can get widespread attention, but they are not always legal.
One such recommendation is almost certainly Review of voter voting law, Mr. Trump and his allies tried to use it to overturn the 2020 elections. In recent weeks, the panel has begun to discuss whether the president will seek amendments to the Insurrection Act, which empowers the deployment of troops to curb “any riot, domestic violence, illegal combinations or plots.”
Changes under discussion may add higher and more detailed thresholds for meeting before deploying troops in the country, including the president’s request for consultation with Congress.
“In essence, the former president saw what he disliked on television and threatened with a tweet to send troops to take over the civilian government,” Lofgren said in a threat to cause Trump’s rebellion. Act in response to the protest of racial justice. “It’s not really a history of the use of that act, but perhaps more definitions of the term may be needed.”
The last time legislators turned their attention to a potential review of the Insurrection Act was a protest that spread nationwide after Mr. Trump killed an unarmed black man, Mr. Floyd, in 2020. After threatening to call the Insurrection Act to quell. Minnesota.
“If a city or state refuses to take the necessary actions to protect the lives and property of its inhabitants, I will deploy the U.S. military and quickly resolve their problems,” Trump said. .. Said.. The White House aides have drafted a proclamation to invoke the Insurrection Act in case the president continues to intimidate.
Aftermath of the Capitol Riot: Significant Progress
Discuss criminal referrals. January 6 House Commission has grown split Whether to introduce a detective Despite concluding that the submission to the Justice Department of former President Donald J. Trump has sufficient evidence to do so.The debate focuses on whether referrals are backfired by political pollution. Expanding Federal investigation..
Civil rights advocates responded cautiously, and Democrats in Congress rushed to reduce Mr. Trump’s power.
A group of Senate Democrats, led by Connecticut Senator Richard Blumenthal, has proposed a bill requiring the president to consult with Congress before deploying troops, invoking a rebellion to reduce civil rights. Revealed that it cannot. The bill didn’t go anywhere in the Senate, and it was then dominated by the Republicans.
The Democratic-controlled House of Representatives added similar restrictions to the annual defense policy bill last year, but the restrictions were removed from the law before it became law.
Republicans argued that Congress should not change the Insurrection Act and that talks with lawmakers would slow the president’s pace if prompt action could be required.
“If the riots aren’t curbed at the state or local level, the president won’t be able to take swift and decisive action,” Colorado Republican Rep. Doug Ramborn said in a 2020 floor debate. It will hinder and delay the actions necessary to maintain domestic peace. “
Esper, Opposed to deploying troops on American streets He was dismissed as Secretary of Defense by Mr. Trump and told Parliamentary Commission in 2020 that he did not support the law change.
“In my view, nothing has happened that forced us to change it at this point,” Esper said, adding that the law was “well tolerated” over time. ..
The law dates back to the early 19th century, with President Thomas Jefferson and former Vice President Aaron Burr. I was planning to raise an army..
President Andrew Jackson used this act in 1831 to quell the rebellion of Nat Turner’s enslaved people. President Abraham Lincoln called it during the Civil War. President John F. Kennedy uses the law to send troops to force the separation of public schools in Alabama, and President Lindon B. Johnson to protect civil rights activists in Selma, Alabama. Invoked the law.